Dabney Family of Early Virginia
Cornelius Dabney (b 1630) and his descendants
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Cornelius Dabney

Male 1756 - 1821  (65 years)


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  • Name Cornelius Dabney  [1
    Born 7 Jun 1756  King William County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Gender Male 
    Died 13 Oct 1821  Louisa County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    • From notes p. 21
    Person ID I45  Dabneys of Virginia
    Last Modified 29 Dec 2016 

    Father William Dabney,   b. 1721, King William County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1767, King William County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 46 years) 
    Mother Philadelphia Gwathmey 
    Married 1745-1749  King William County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location  [3
    Family ID F31  Group Sheet

    Family Elizabeth Smith Winston,   b. 24 Dec 1766,   d. 11 Jan 1840, Hickman County, Kentucky Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 73 years) 
    Married 17 Jan 1783  [2
    Children 
     1. Isaac Winston Dabney,   b. 11 Jul 1787, Louisa County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location
     2. Elizabeth Smith Dabney,   b. 6 Feb 1789, Louisa County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Aft 1870  (Age > 82 years)
     3. William Spotswood Dabney,   b. 1 Dec 1792, Louisa County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Bef 1850  (Age < 57 years)
     4. Martha (”Patsy”) Winston Dabney,   b. 6 Nov 1794, Louisa County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Sep 1838, Davidson County, North Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 43 years)
     5. Cornelius Dabney,   b. 6 Jan 1797, Louisa County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 28 Jun 1837, Hanover County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 40 years)
     6. Albert Gallatin Dabney,   b. 23 Nov 1799, Louisa County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1855, Christian County, Kentucky Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 55 years)
     7. Maria Catherine Dabney,   b. 27 Dec 1805, Louisa County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 14 Dec 1809  (Age 3 years)
    Last Modified 10 Dec 2016 
    Family ID F40  Group Sheet

  • Notes 
    • Cornelius Dabney was born to William and Philadelphia (Gwathmey) Dabney June 7, 1756, in King William County, Virginia.
      He married Elizabeth Smith Winston in 1783. She was born December 24, 1766, to Isaac Winston III and his wife, Elizabeth (Smith) Winston They had seven children: Isaac Winston, born July (or May) 11, 1787; Elizabeth Smith, born February 6, 1789; William Spotswood, born December 1, 1792; Martha (”Patsy”) Winston, born November 6, 1794; Cornelius, born January 6, 1797; Albert Gallatin, born November 23, 1799; and Maria Catherine, born December 27, 1805, died November 14, 1809.
      Cornelius inherited two adjoining tracts totaling 352 acres in Louisa County on the south side of the South Anna River from his father, which were transferred to him by his eldest brother, Isaac, December 8, 1777. He first appeared in the early Louisa County tithable lists in 1772, when he was 16 with 350 acres, which could not be legally transferred to him until he was 21, but for which he was the responsible taxpayer. He was similarly listed through 1781, then in the Louisa County land tax lists from 1782 through 1800 (the latest surviving list) with 431-470 acres. Like most of his neighbors, he was a slave owner and from 1782-1800 was taxed on 9-31 slaves. He was executor for the estates of his brother, Owen, and nephew, William Dabney Jr., son of his brother, Isaac.
      In 1814, Cornelius sold his share of a mill that he jointly owned with Benjamin Hope, known as the Dabney and Hopes mill, to Robert Lewis Dabney, a son of Samuel Dabney. The price given in the deed was only $1, but Robert gave two bonds to Cornelius for unspecified amounts payable January 1, 1815 and 1816 and signed a deed of trust conveying his mill share to trustees to guarantee payment of the bonds. In May, 1814, Benjamin Hope sold his share of the mill to Robert with a similar financial and legal arrangement. In June, 1816, Robert sold the mill to John Shelton, Sr. and in March, 1817, Cornelius Dabney and Benjamin Hope filed a legal acknowldgement that Robert had redeemed his bonds.
      Cornelius died in 1821, aged about 65. His will was dated April 24, 1821 and proved in Louisa County Court December 10, 1821. He gave his wife all of the household furnishings, a gig, her choice of horses, all of the plantation utensils and stock, and any crop still in the ground. To each of his two daughters, Elizabeth S. Stewart and Martha (Patsy) Cooper, he gave a horse and saddle and the slaves that they had already received. To his four sons, Isaac W., William S., Cornelius, and Albert G., he gave the slaves and other property that they had already received. After his wife’s death, all of the slaves in her possession were to be divided equally among his six children and none of them to be sold. After her death, all of his land and any remaining property of his wife was to be sold and the proceeds divided equally among his children. He appointed as executors, Abraham Fontaine, William Miller, clerk of Goochland County Court, and Charles Attkisson. An appraisal of his personal property dated December 14, 1821, totalled $4,368, of which 10 adult and two child slaves constituted 82%. Cornelius’ 486 acre farm was sold in November, 1829, by Elizabeth and James Attkisson to John S. Woodson, for $2,745.90.
      Elizabeth was probably the female resident aged 60-70 in the household of her son Cornelius Jr. in Louisa County in the 1830 census. Cornelius Jr. sold the 159 acres of his farm in September 1831 and moved to Kentucky, where he settled in Christian County. Elizabeth went to live with her widowed daughter, Martha Cooper, in Davidson County, North Carolina. Martha died in September, 1838, and her brother, Albert G. Dabney, traveled from Christian County, Kentucky, to North Carolina and brought his mother back to his home in Kentucky. She died January 11 1840, aged 73 years and 18 days, while visiting Albert Gallatin Meriwether in Hickman County, Kentucky. [2, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13]

  • Sources 
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    10. [S2043]

    11. [S908]

    12. [S1656]

    13. [S53]