Dabney Family of Early Virginia
Cornelius Dabney (b 1630) and his descendants
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Owen Dabney

Male Abt 1754 - 1796/97  (~ 43 years)


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  • Name Owen Dabney  [1
    Born Abt 1754  King William County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Gender Male 
    Died 1796/97  Hanover County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location  [3
    Person ID I44  Dabneys of Virginia
    Last Modified 22 Jan 2017 

    Father William Dabney,   b. 1721, King William County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1767, King William County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 46 years) 
    Mother Philadelphia Gwathmey 
    Married 1745-1749  King William County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location  [4
    Family ID F31  Group Sheet

    Family Elizabeth Anderson,   d. Aft 1798, Hanover County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Married abt1773/74  [5
    Children 
     1. Robert B. Dabney,   b. 1774/75, Hanover County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1825/26, King William County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 51 years)
     2. Owen Dabney, Jr.,   b. Hanover County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Abt 1808
     3. John Dabney,   b. Abt 1788/89, Hanover County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location
     4. Nancy Dabney,   b. 1775-1795, Hanover County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location
     5. Lucy Dabney
     6. Mary (”Polly”) A. Dabney
     7. Elizabeth Dabney
     8. Virginia Dabney
     9. Philadelphia Dabney,   b. Abt 1791, Hanover County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location
     10. Jane Dabney
    Last Modified 10 Apr 2014 
    Family ID F39  Group Sheet

  • Notes 
    • Owen Dabney was born to William and Philadelphia (Gwathmey) Dabney about 1754 in King William County, Virginia, where he grew up on the Dabney farm on the east side of the Pamunkey River. He was about 13 when his father died.
      He first appeared in the Louisa County tithable (taxable) list in 1771, when he was about 17, probably because he was already farming the 368 acres on the South Anna River left him by his father, which remained in his eldest brother Isaac’s name until he reached 21. In 1775, Isaac transferred his inheritance to him and he paid £100 to Isaac with the deed, probably toward the purchase of comparable land for his youngest brother, Gwathmey, who was not yet born when his father’s will was written. He was not entirely contented with the land, because he advertised it for sale in November, 1779, and sold it in 1783 to John Overton. He moved to Hanover County before 1782, when he was listed in the earliest surviving land and personal property tax lists for Hanover County with 900 acres and 25 slaves. Before 1781, Owen sold 260 acres on Taylors Creek to Pouncey Anderson. Between 1783 and 1788, he and his wife, Elizabeth, sold four tracts on Taylors Creek in Hanover County to Jennings Pulliam (50 acres), William Pulliam (30 acres), John Hope (190 acres), and William Ragland (140 acres), the last sale with Christopher Johnson. In 1786 he and Elizabeth sold to John Cocke, executor of the estate of John Johnson of Caroline County, a 614 acre tract called Goose Pond, bordering on the Pamunkey River and crossing the boundary between King William and Caroline Counties. The total of 1,254 acres sold in Hanover and King William Counties seems rather high and may have partly been inherited by his wife. From 1787 to 1792, Owen was taxed on 425 acres and from 1793 to 1796, the year of his death, on 402 acres. His slaves decreased to 7 by his death in 1796/97.
      Owen married Elizabeth Anderson, probably about 1773/74. W. P. Anderson cites evidence that suggests that Elizabeth’s father was Benjamin Anderson, who married Mary Dickerson, a daughter of Griffith Dickerson, who left a bequest in his 1785 will for his granddaughter, Elizabeth Dabney. Benjamin was a prominent participant in St. Paul’s Parish affairs from 1763 to 1779 and died about 1782/83.
      W. H. Dabney’s Sketch of the Dabneys of Virginia lists nine children of Owen and Elizabeth: Robert, born before 1776; Owen; John; Nancy; Lucy; Mary; Elizabeth; Virginia; and Philadelphia, who may not be listed in order of birth. The Louisa County marriage records list a tenth child, Jane, daughter of Owen Dabney, deceased, who married Amos Bemis September 7, 1819. Because of the nearly complete absence of Hanover deed and probate records due to a fire in 1865, little or no information has been found on the births and deaths of most of these children. W. H. Dabney’s history gives only the surnames of most of the daughters’ spouses, who have been difficult to identify in the censuses.
      The 1782 and 1783 land tax lists for Hanover County listed Owen as Capt. Owen Dabney, indicating that he was a county militia officer during the Revolutionary War. No additional information concerning his militia participation has been found. He was appointed a Justice of the Peace in Hanover County in 1782 by the Virginia State Council. He was a signer of six petitions to the General Assembly between 1782 and 1791 to use incentives rather than forced draft to recruit soldiers, to exclude British loyalists from Virginia, to reduce the salary of the clerk of the General Assembly, and several petitions to divide Hanover County to make access to the courthouse less difficult (never successful).
      Owen died in the latter part of 1796 or early 1797, aged about 42/43. His estate continued to be listed in the land tax list until 1812, but the acreage decreased from 402 to 48 acres in several steps. It ceased to be listed in the personal property tax list after 1798, suggesting that Owen’s widow, Elizabeth, may have died or left the county in late 1798 or early 1799.


      Benjamin Anderson was mentioned in Accounts from the Store of Thomas Partridge & Co., Hanover Co., Virginia, 1734-1756
      (Continued) Transcribed by Richard Slatten and James Bagby, VA Gen Soc Q, 1987, 25, 35-50, (p. 42) MR. BENJAMIN ANDERSON. Feb. 25 (1 gun Lock 14/); Jun. 7 (1 Felt Hatt 1/8). Probably 1751/52 from statement 2 pages earlier that a man’s account for 1751 was paid.

      Owen Dabney was born to William and Philadelphia (Gwathmey) Dabney about 1754 in King William County.

      Owen had a tenth daughter, Jane, who was married 7 Sep 1819 to Amos Bemis.

      For genealogy of Elizabeth Anderson, see W. P. Anderson’s Early Descendants . . ., p. 26.

      Under his father’s will, he inherited 368 acres in Louisa County. (Add details on land transfer deed, old notes p. 13 5A) He was first listed in the Louisa County Tithables tax list in 1771, when he was about 17. He was also assessed on

      25 Oct 1776, Owen Dabney offered reward in VA Gazette for a horse to be returned to him at Hanover Town. Suggests he was living there. (old notes p. 27 3B)

      Called “Capt.” in 1782 & 1783 Hanover land tax lists.

      Listed in tax lists of Louisa Co., St. Martin’s Parish, 1771-1773, 350 A.;1774-1777, no A.; (also no A. for Richard & Cornelius); 1778, 306 A.; 1780, no A., not listed in 1781 or 1783 (notes, p. 14)
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      Owen Dabney’s Land Sales
      27 Nov1779, Owen Dabney offered for sale 400 A. in Louisa Co.on south branch of Pamunkey R., 40 mi. from Hanover Town & Richmond. Dwelling house and outbuildings, excellent for tobacco. Was it inheritance from father? (old notes p. 27, 3A)

      Bef. 1781. Will of Pouncey Anderson, St. Martin’s Parish, 28 Jan 1781, recorded 13 Aug 1781 (should recheck & confirm dates & find in Anderson Family Records, p. 146) gave to Judith Dabney, wife of James Dabney 260 acres purchased of Owen Dabney on Taylors Creek

      8 Nov 1783, Owen and Elizabeth Dabney sold for £401 to John Overton 400 A. bounded by Capt. Thomas Darracott, Col. Dudley Digges, Ruben Sumers, on the north side of the South Anna River, Louisa Co. Deed Book G, p. 323 Probably Owen’s inherited land.

      1 May 1783 Owen & Eliz. Dabney sold 50 A. on south side of Taylor’s Creek to Jennings Pulliam, Hanover Co. Rec, larger book, p. 159 (old notes p. 42, 2B; ); Rosalie E. Davis book, p. 1. Also sold 30 A. to Wiliam Pulliam 14 Aug 1783
      27 Oct 1783 Eliz Dabney acknowledged deed of tract on S side ot Taylor’s Cr. to Jennings Pulliam, Hanover Co. Rec., larger book, p. 143.

      29 Jul 1784 Owen & Eliz. Dabney sold 190 A. on Taylor’s Cr. adj. James Dabney to John Hope, Hanover Co. Rec., larger book, p. 159. (old notes p. 36, 15; also see p. 42, 2C)

      Sep 1788 Christopher JOHNSON & Owen DABNEY to William RAGLAND, 140 acres adj. John HOPE, John MAYO's mill up Taylors Creek, adj. Dudley DIGGES, & David HENDERSON. Other wits: John HOPE, Benjamin B. HOPE. (Hanover Deeds 1783-1792, p. 295.)

      1786 Owen & Elizabeth Dabney of Hanover County sold to John Cocke, exec. of John Johnson, a tract in KWC & Caroline Co.’s on Pamunkey called Goose Pond, 614 A. (old notes 16). Goose Pond mentioned in Caroline Co. VA, Court Records, 1800-1804, Vol. 3, Kimberly C. Campbell, p. 6. Jennings Burrus bought it from John Johnston’s estate, his will (1790, 1794) ordered it be sold. Also see Caroline Co. VA Court Records 1781-99, Kimberly C. Campbell, p. 49, Sep 1794,order to lay off dower for Elizabeth Burrus, Jenning’s widow. Third mention of Goose Pond in Caroline Co. VA, Court Records, 1742-1833, William L. Hopkins, p. 85, exec’s of Jennings Burrus sold Goose Pond to Benjamin Toler of Hanover Co. Tract bounded by Pamunkey River, Kidd’s Mill Cr., corner to Samuel Norment, Col. William Nelson’s line, and tract known as Horn Quarter; also see p. 91 for order to sell Goose Pond. Goose Pond evidently straddles the border between Caroline and King William Counties where it meets the Pamunkey River.
      Total sold in Louisa County: 400 A.
      Total sold in Hanover County: 260 A. + 50 + 190 + 1/2 of 140 A. = 570 A.
      Total sold in King William County: 614 A.
      Total sales in Hanover and King William: 1184 A.
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      29 Mar 1782 Council appointed Owen and 9 others to be JPs in Hanover Co.

      Birth year probably from Isaac’s land transfers. Owen Dabney died 1796/97 because land & pers. prop tax lists changed to Owen Dabney estate in 1797.

      Probably not the Owen Dabney who died in 1808 with son Owen, minor who needed a guardian bond in Louisa Co. 13 Jun 1808. Might be son of Richard or son of his father William. See notes p. 14. However Richard Dabney’s deed of trust to Cornelius Dabney of Hanover Co., admin for Owen Dabney, dec’d, was dated 16 Jun 1803, so Owen was dead before that date, but probably not much before because he was probably alive to make the loan or loan guarantee after the start of Wm Jr. & Owen of KWC’s retail effort.(Ryland, v. 2, p. 79.

      Died between 1796 and 1797 Hanover land tax lists, when his listing changed from Owen Dabney to Owen Dabney estate. Personal prop. tax listing of his estate continued only through 1798, suggesting that Elizabeth may have died in 1798/99. Land continued to be assessed as Owen Dabney estate through1812 with progressive decreases, suggesting that youngest dau. reached maturity (21 or 18?) in 1812/13.

      Should search Hanover Deeds & Wills (Film 31944) around time of Owen’s death, likely time of Elizabeth’s death, decreases in assessed acreage, and end of estate listing in 1812.

      In John Gwathmey’s Historical Register of Virginians in the Revolution . . . , Owen is listed with “Hanover pet.” Appears to refer to a Hanover petition against division of the county by militia veterans of the Revolution.

      Sept. 3, 1788. Hanover Co., VA. William CHICK witnessed a deed from Christopher JOHNSON & Owen DABNEY to William RAGLAND, 140 acres adj. John HOPE, John MAYO's mill up Taylors Creek, Dudley DIGGES, & David HENDERSON. Other wits: John HOPE, Benjamin B. HOPE. (Hanover Deeds 1783-1792, p.295.) Also, Pouncey Anderson’s will mentioned 260 acres purchased of Owen Dabney on Taylor’s Creek.

      Records of Hanover County, 1783-1787, William and Mary Quarterly, p. 128, (my PDF copy),
      Oct. 26, I787.-Hugh Nelson & Judith his wife of York Co. to Nathan'l Page, Jr. 30o a. on Taylor's creek, adj. Peter Johnson, Benj. Forsythe, Chas. Dabney.

      Also see Owen Dabney in Hanover Co. file and Benj Anderson in St.Paul Vestry Bk file [2, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26]

  • Sources 
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    2. [S115]

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    7. [S542]

    8. [S145]

    9. [S1451]

    10. [S239]

    11. [S887]

    12. [S169] Will of Pouncey Anderson, bequest to Judith Dabney..

    13. [S117]

    14. [S1109]

    15. [S331]

    16. [S1110]

    17. [S48] pp. 19 & 21..

    18. [S212] 1763-1779. pp. 411-541..

    19. [S331] Benjamin’s executors sold his 351 acres in 1782&|;1783..

    20. [S448]

    21. [S607]

    22. [S1124]

    23. [S1125]

    24. [S38] p. 149-150..

    25. [S607] p. 15..

    26. [S1128]