Dabney Family of Early Virginia
Cornelius Dabney (b 1630) and his descendants
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Isaac Dabney, Sr.

Male 49 - 1784  (173 years)


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  • Name Isaac Dabney, Sr.  [1
    Suffix Sr. 
    Born 1745-49  King William County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location  [2, 3
    Gender Male 
    Died 1784  King William County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location  [4
    Person ID I43  Dabneys of Virginia
    Last Modified 22 Jan 2017 

    Father William Dabney,   b. 1721, King William County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1767, King William County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 46 years) 
    Mother Philadelphia Gwathmey 
    Married 1745-1749  King William County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Family ID F31  Group Sheet

    Family 1 Ann/Susannah Hill,   d. 1778-80 
    Married Abt 1775/76  King William County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location  [5
    Children 
     1. William Dabney, Jr.,   b. Abt 1776/77, King William County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1802/03, King William County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 26 years)
     2. Frances Dabney,   b. 26 Nov 1778, King William County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 23 Jul 1847, King William County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 68 years)
     3. Humphrey Dabney,   b. Abt 1779-80, King William County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1808, Richmond, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 172 years)
    Last Modified 14 May 2012 
    Family ID F38  Group Sheet

    Family 2 Elizabeth Smelt,   d. Bef 1810-1812 
    Married 1780  King William County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location  [6
    Children 
     1. Isaac Dabney, Jr.,   b. 1781/82, King William County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1807-1809, King William County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 27 years)
     2. Robert Dabney,   b. Aft 1782, King William County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Died young,, King William County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location
    Last Modified 27 May 2011 
    Family ID F55  Group Sheet

  • Notes 
    • Isaac Dabney Sr. was born to William and Philadelphia Dabney between 1745 and 1749 in King William County, Virginia. William died in 1767, when Isaac was about 20. In November of that year, his father’s will was proved in King William County court.
      As the eldest son, Isaac inherited his father’s farm called Springfield in King William County, which contained 383 acres and had one of the highest per acre valuations in the area. As a representative of his father’s estate on behalf of the executors, he also held title to several tracts in Louisa County that his father bequeathed to three other sons in his will. In the 1769 and 1770 land and personal property tax lists for St. Martin’s parish in Louisa County, Isaac was listed with 1,153 acres and 10 or 11 tithables (taxable white and slave residents of working age). In 1771, Isaac transferred 368 acres on the north side of the South Anna River to his oldest brother, Richard. Richard paid £184 to Isaac in exchange, probably a contribution toward a comparable inheritance for his youngest brother, Gwathmey, who was not yet born when William’s will was written. In 1775, Isaac’s brother Owen received 368 acres adjoining Richard’s tract and paid £1000 in exchange. In 1777, Isaac’s brother Cornelius received two tracts totaling 352 acres and paid £85 in exchange. The large differences in the amounts paid for the tracts may be due to variability in the purchasing power of money at the time and partly to differences in the perceived value of the tracts. The four tracts, which were all in Louisa County, do not add up to the 1153 acres charged to Isaac in earlier tax lists, perhaps due to the imprecise and variable survey methods of the time.
      The adjoining tracts given Richard and Owen are of special importance because the legal description of the outer boundary of the two tracts corresponds precisely with the outer boundary of two tracts patented by Cornelius Dabney of King William County, the grandfather of the two, and thus confirms the family relationship.
      Isaac was married first to Ann Hill, a daughter of Humphrey Hill, about 1775-76 in King William County. They had two children: William, born abt 1776/77; and Frances, born November 26, 1778. Ann died and Isaac remarried about 1780 to Elizabeth Smelt, a daughter of Rev. John Smelt of Essex County. Isaac and Elizabeth had two children: Isaac Jr., born abt 1781/82 and Robert, born between 1782 and 1784, when Isaac Sr. died. A fifth child, Humphrey, was born between Frances and Isaac Jr., 1779-1781, but it is unclear whether his mother was Ann or Elizabeth.
      Isaac was first appointed a Justice of the Peace in 1773. He was a captain in the county militia in December, 1776, when he received £78 for the payroll of his company. By 1780, he was promoted to major when his name was mentioned in a record fragment. In 1782, he wrote to the Virginia state militia office promising more accurate reports of militia strength in future and attributing past problems to resignations of field officers.
      In the 1782 land tax list for King William County, he was charged with 383 acres. In later lists that rated the per acre income of land, his farm was in the top range of per acre valuations, about twice that of his brother Richard, most of whose property was forested. On October 18, 1783, he witnessed a deed.
      In 1784, Isaac Dabney Sr died, aged about 37. On June 26, 1784, Richard Dabney, Isaac’s executor, advertised the sale of some of Isaac’s personal property and in July, 1785, he advertised for Isaac’s creditors to settle their accounts.
      Isaac’s widow, Elizabeth (Smelt) Dabney, remarried to William Pollard, Clerk of Hanover County, 1781-1824. They had two children: Mary Anderson Pollard and Elizabeth Smelt Pollard. Elizabeth died and William remarried to Elizabeth (Dabney) Shackelford, widow of Lyne Shackelford and daughter of George and Elizabeth Price Dabney of Hanover County. [2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24]

  • Sources 
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    2. [S83]

    3. [S19]

    4. [S21]

    5. [S22]

    6. [S17] p.890..

    7. [S37]

    8. [S53]

    9. [S92]

    10. [S542]

    11. [S144]

    12. [S145]

    13. [S605]

    14. [S772]

    15. [S17] p. 890..

    16. [S29]

    17. [S11]

    18. [S23]

    19. [S771]

    20. [S124]

    21. [S202]

    22. [S206]

    23. [S114] p. 455..

    24. [S28] p. 63..